"One Nation Under God" 
 
  
List Of Amendments To The  
United States Constitution 
 
This is the complete list of the ratified and unratified amendments to the United States Constitution which received the approval of the United States Congress. Twenty-seven amendments have been ratified since the original signing of the Constitution, the first ten of which are known collectively as the Bill of Rights. The procedure for amending the United States Constitution is governed by Article V of the original text. There have been many other proposals for amendments to the United States Constitution introduced in Congress, but not submitted to the states. 
Before an amendment can take effect, it must be proposed to the states by a two-thirds vote of both houses of Congress or by a convention (known as an Article V convention) called by two-thirds of the states, and ratified by three-fourths of the states or by three-fourths of conventions thereof, the method of ratification being determined by Congress at the time of proposal. To date, no convention for proposing amendments has been called by the states, and only once—in 1933 for the ratification of the twenty-first amendment—has the convention method of ratification been employed.
 
Ratified Amendments  
Amendments - Proposal date - Enactment date  
 
1st. Protects freedom of speech, freedom of religion, and freedom of the press, as well as the right to assemble and petition the government.  
September 25, 1789 - December 15, 1791  
 
2nd. Protects the right to bear arms.  
September 25, 1789 - December 15, 1791  
 
3rd. Prohibits the forced quartering of soldiers during peacetime.  
September 25, 1789 - December 15, 1791  
 
4th. Prohibits unreasonable searches and seizures and sets out requirements for search warrants based on probable cause.  
September 25, 1789 - December 15, 1791 
 
5th. Sets out rules for indictment by grand jury and eminent domain, protects the right to due process, and prohibits self-incrimination and double jeopardy. 
September 25, 1789 - December 15, 1791  
 
6th. Protects the right to a fair and speedy public trial by jury, including the rights to be notified of the accusations, to confront the accuser, to obtain witnesses and to retain counsel.  
September 25, 1789 - December 15, 1791  
 
7th Provides for the right to trial by jury in certain civil cases, according to common law.  
September 25, 1789 December 15, 1791 
 
8th Prohibits excessive fines and excessive bail, as well as cruel and unusual punishment.  
September 25, 1789 December 15, 1791 
 
9th. Protects rights not enumerated in the constitution.  
September 25, 1789 - December 15, 1791 
 
10th. Limits the powers of the federal government to those delegated to it by the Constitution.  
September 25, 1789 - December 15, 1791  
 
11th. Makes states immune from suits from out-of-state citizens and foreigners not living within the state borders; lays the foundation for sovereign immunity. 
March 4, 1794 - February 7, 1795  
 
12th. Revises presidential election procedures.  
December 9, 1803 - June 15, 1804  
 
13th. Abolishes slavery and involuntary servitude, except as punishment for a crime.  
January 31, 1865 - December 6, 1865  
 
14th. Defines citizenship, contains the Privileges or Immunities Clause, the Due Process Clause, the Equal Protection Clause, and deals with post-Civil War issues.  
June 13, 1866 - July 9, 1868  
 
15th. Prohibits the denial of suffrage based on race, color, or previous condition of servitude.  
February 26, 1869 - February 3, 1870  
 
16th. Allows the federal government to collect income tax.  
July 12, 1909 - February 3, 1913  
 
17th. Establishes the direct election of United States Senators by popular vote.  
May 13, 1912 - April 8, 1913 
 
18th. Establishes prohibition of alcohol (repealed by Twenty-first Amendment). 
December 18, 1917 - January 16, 1919  
 
19th. Establishes women's suffrage.  
June 4, 1919 - August 18, 1920  
 
20th. Fixes the dates of term commencements for Congress (January 3) and the President (January 20); known as the "lame duck amendment".  
March 2, 1932 - January 23, 1933  
 
21st. Repeals the Eighteenth Amendment and prohibits violations of state laws regarding alcohol.  
February 20, 1933 - December 5, 1933  
 
22nd. Limits the number of times that a person can be elected president: a person cannot be elected president more than twice, and a person who has served more than two years of a term to which someone else was elected cannot be elected more than once.  
March 24, 1947 - February 27, 1951  
 
23rd. Provides for representation of Washington, D.C., in the Electoral College. 
June 16, 1960 - March 29, 1961 
 
24th. Prohibits the revocation of voting rights due to the non-payment of poll taxes.  
September 14, 1962 - January 23, 1964 
 
25th. Codifies the Tyler Precedent; defines the process of presidential succession. 
July 6, 1965 - February 10, 1967 
 
26th. Establishes the right to vote for those age 18 years or older.  
March 23, 1971 - July 1, 1971 
 
27th. Prevents laws affecting Congressional salary from taking effect until after the next election of the representatives.  
September 25, 1789 - May 7, 1992